Pretend you're either God, or Georges Seurat. You are going to create the universe/painting. How do you do it?
Well, you start by creating/painting, little dots of energy which physicists unimaginatively name, 'particles'
. Think of them as raindrops, but so much smaller you can't see them, maybe more like a mist. So they PULSE and usually in GROUPS so they hit each other and then form as it were 'strings' of energy/water, which other pulsing mini-drops sometimes hit and add to.
Science is constantly redefining the characteristics of these 'particles'. The 'Standard Model' is a kind of table of names and properties of the 'particles' they think they've found so far. However, new 'particles' keep on being discovered, so this 'Standard Model' (which is restricted to an older group of 'particles' found which they could prove in the laboratory).. this Standard Model, is incomplete. So names are given to each of these particles based on how much 'mass' (weight) they have, their polarity, their 'spin' (for they are constantly moving), longevity, and what they change into when they hit each other. For that's what these constantly-moving particles do, they constantly hit, change, form into new particles or particle groups, then hit again, and so on. So really big conglomerations of these particles are called planets (stars, too, but the composition is different).. and, 'you'. Your chair. What you ate when you saw that really bad movie.
You've heard of the 'atom'. Well, these are the particles which make up the subparts inside
each atom. There are very many particles, and they change into energy and back to particles again, over and over and over.
Because they are so small, being really of light and not water, they are hot and cool quickly. They are somewhat magnetic too, so they tend to 'find each other' and 'stick together' due to both their 'mass' and their magnetism, which as they cool, increases so they stick together more, and their joint weight plus magnetism attracts even more smaller dots of light (versus had they been so small as before).This simple process is the stuff of particle physics
, and everything you are, touch, taste, see, is made up of these submicroscopic particles of essentially light, but due to cooling, mass with a certain magnetism (that's why on certain days your hair stands up). The reason things seem solid is that the clinging-together of the particles of 'you', are different from the clinging-together of the particles we call 'air', so you can move through 'air' and it can move through or more likely around, you. So everything's a question of density and attraction with an ultimate 'parent' of light.
This aggregating forms many different things besides just mass. In fact, the changing from light to mass and back to light again occurs every nanosecond in sequences
which make possible, the ability of your body's atoms, to hold together. So particle physics examines that, too.
A version of particle physics, 'string theory', posits that this holding together is really due to vibrating strings of light, so small no one can see them with even the best technology. The vibrations exert a kind of magnetism also, throw off tiny bits which then cool and become mass also, and in fact everything gets generated by these jiggly strings. Particles are born from them, particles born from them adhere to them, they adhere to yet other posited structures called 'branes' (think of planes in geometry, but spectularly tiny or at least unseen), so it's kinda like hair coming from a (flat) head, and 'we' live on that surface.
So the following video, introduces you to 'particles'. By the way: this same process is how you grow spiritually, as dots of Bible get planted in your soul when you use 1Jn1:9 and are under your right (male only) teacher; it's also the same mechanism by means of which Christ's Thinking paid for EACH AND ALL of our sins on the Cross. Physicists don't know all that, yet. So they don't know the five infinitives in the Cross-paying verses Isaiah 53:10-11, tell them what is the Grand Explanation of Everything. But maybe one day they will. For you, it's got that relevance, so now let's go back to secular science and see what physicists call the Standard Model.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCsIL4CSpXQ